Acute toothache may be aggravated by mechanical, thermal and chemical irritants. Pain may be either permanent or episodic. Sometimes secondary hyperalgesia may occur – this is a kind of toothache that radiates to oral cavity’s areas adjacent to the affected tooth. Often pain radiates to the ear, neck and head. Sharpness of pain and its intensity depend on under-the-tooth nerve damage and often have a pulsating or lightning character.
Sharp pain in the tooth is often triggered by diseases such as:
Pulpitis (streptococci enter carious cavities and provoke severe toothache which often occurs at night or at the end of the day and has a paroxysmal character).
Deep caries (can penetrate hard-to-reach areas of the tooth and cause the spread of inflammatory processes).
Parodontitis (represented by loosening of tooth, gum inflammation).
Periodontitis (teeth and bone tissue inflammation; teeth loosening which leads to sharp pain in tooth and jaw).
Which medicines do help to relieve toothache?
Some standard painkillers from home medicine chest should help, such as Aspirin, Analgin or Amidopyrine. Grind the pills, cover them with a cotton swab and apply them to the affected gum. Other painkillers and anti-inflammation medicines from the pharmacy:
In critical cases, you can buy prescription superpotent drugs, such as Promedol, Fentanyl, Omnupon, and Morphine.
You can use such medicines as Ibuprofen, Panadol (in suspension form) which helps to remove signs of painful sensation, swelling, redness, and itching. Or Ibufen, Nurofen, and Bofen.
More potent painkillers are prescribed only by the physician. It’s important to strictly follow the instructions for their use.
For women during pregnancy
Taking painkillers is dangerous during the first 3 months of pregnancy, as placenta is not fully formed. Don’t take more than one pill of potent analgesics, although it’s better not to use pills at all. The physician is capable to individually choose medicines and dosage for pregnant women.
Measures to relieve pain in home conditions
Brush your teeth with dental floss.
Dissolve 1 teaspoon of soda in a glass of warm water and rinse the affected area of your mouth several times a day.
A little bit of vodka over the affected area will make the gum numb and act as a painkiller for some time.
Drops from toothache based on peppermint oil, valerian root and camphor have anesthetic effect and also local disinfectant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and sedative effects.
Apply ice to the sick gum or cheek for 15 minutes, at least 3-4 times a day.
Don’t chew your food on the sick side or else you’ll have a sharp pain when eating.
Massage the affected area with ice or an iced object.
If abnormal bite aggravates dental pain, then doctors recommend not to close the jaws as long as possible until you seek dentist’s assistance.
Avoid making hot compresses and lotions otherwise some complications and difficulties in treatment may occur.
Don’t take superpotent analgesics or antibiotics on your own. They can only be used on the doctor’s advice.
Horizontal position is undesirable due to activation of blood circulation in periodontal tissues, provoking more painful sensations.
Auto-training (or focusing attention on some physical activity) will help to distract from toothache. The more often one gets stuck on pain, the more pronounced it is perceived.
Rinsing your mouth with herbal tea of sage, camomile, lemon balm, mint, oregano or marigold can relieve pain. 2 spoons of any of the herbs are enough for such a tea. They should be infused for 15-20 min.
Visit the dentist as soon as possible.
Recommendations for relieving toothache at night
If you have a damaged tooth and in the evening you had some chocolate candies, so no wonder you may have a sharp pain in tooth after eating chocolate. In this case, you can either go to a dental clinic working night shifts or to a common trauma center where doctors are able to relieve acute painful symptoms until morning, though they aren’t specialized in dental diseases.
If, for some reason, you come up with the decision not to visit a doctor at night, then such anesthetic drugs would help you – Ketanov, Pentalgin, Aspirin, Naise, Ketorol, and etc. These medicines should be taken as emergency pills only for a short period of time.
Methods of traditional medicine for relieving dental pain
In olden times, toothache was removed with the help of herbal tea, medicinal infusions and compresses. Although modern medicine is often skeptical about therapeutic validity of such methods, let’s explore a few of them, as time-tested ones and the ones having positive feedback from ordinary people. Here are some of them:
Carnation oil is applied to the affected area.
Pumpkin tails need to be dried and infused for 1 hour, then they are used for compresses and rinsing.
Some herbs act as painkillers and as antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agents (sage, oregano, oak bark, calamus, calendula, camomile, etc.).
A piece of propolis (bee glue) must be placed in the cavity of the diseased tooth for painkilling and antimicrobial effects.
Washed plantain root compresses.
Garlic, onions and salt compresses.
Camphor spirit application.
Application of 1 tablespoon of finely milled horsetail combined with a teaspoon of honey.