Caries is surely a nasty disease that dentistry frequently observes in children. It is accompanied with unpleasant, painful feelings, breakdown of bone tissue in the mouth and holes in baby teeth as a result. To stop that ruining process, it is essential to stick to oral hygiene rules:
Arrange morning and evening tooth brushing on the regular basis
Provide sufficient amount of vitamins and calcium
Challenge gums in proper way (with solid foods, such as carrots, apples, etc)
In the instances, when enamel is already damaged, parents should take their baby immediately to the dentist’s office.
Causes behind dental destruction
Enamel(hard coating of dentition) is formed on the early stage of embryo development. It is quite common to witness excellent smile of the first child and destroyed rows of dens in the second as soon as they appear. The reason for the situation is calcium pool having been exhausted for firstborn during pregnancy. Therefore, the second offspring is frequently suffering from dental break and then cavities. Thus, the first cause of ailment is child’s body lacking calcium.
The second common cause is high pH level in the mouth. It happens due to overabundance of food rich in carbohydrates and proteins that increase the oral acidity. The reason that faults for the condition is food debris left in interdental spaces. Particles of meat fibers and sweets are considered to be the most dangerous remnants contributing extensively to infection growth. Vital activity of anaerobic bacteria results in unhealthy microflora development, triggering hole in child’s front tooth, the condition dentists call caries.
Digestive system disorder stands for the third cause of the disease. GIT malfunctions, found guilty, are the following:
Inflamed stomach lining (gastritis).
Innate susceptibility to digestive track ailments.
Issues of the kind lead to plaque on the teeth enamel, yellow and brown spots that cover early signs of tooth decay. The condition is progressing and, thus, provokes further spread of infection, resulting in severe stages for stomach and intestine disorders. Poorly processed food enters the stomach area to further boost gastritis and inflammatory processes in general.
If baby’s tooth gives no swing yet, you should immediately take him\her to the dentist, for there is still a chance to manage the decay. If permanent dentition is already formed under the milk one, there is no use to save the latter, for it will fall out after a while. For the times when dental degradation in children causes enormous discomfort, bad teeth are to be extracted in most cases. Then anesthesia is likely unnecessary, for, when loose, dens goes out without pain.
Proper management depends on the caries stage. To figure out what steps need to be taken, it is necessary to distinguish between the levels of dental lesion. There are following stages of tooth destruction:
Surface enamel damage is characterized by not-critical visual change. Besides, when eating sour or sugary foods, the child feels soreness. In most cases, the doctor administers the condition without use of the drill. High fluoride or silver salt varnish is used to protect the outer layer.
Medium degree of caries stands out when sensitivity for cold and hot foods is added to pain for sweet and sour products. This stage is addressed usually with drill work and filling.
Pronounced dental break comes as the most neglected phase of the disease. The inflammation is basically developed on the root part of the oral bone tissue, with gum festering, alveolar abscess, swelling, and, at times, cystic formations to accompany the process. The only solution possible is extraction.
Most often, one-year and a-year-and-a-half old babies are reported to suffer holes in baby front teeth. The enamel first becomes yellowish, then its colour turns into brown, and, subsequently, for a final stage of the destruction, into black. The disease ruins that lovely smile completely. Waiting is of no good; treatment should be delivered as soon as possible to save the child from pain and uneasiness when conversing with their peers and to have no related problems that are possibly to occur in time.
The most common treatment options include:
Silver coating of dentition tissues.
Enriching the enamel with calcium (remineralization). The procedure makes cavities in milk teeth smaller at the expense of the medical composition of the mineral paste applied to the chewing surfaces.
Ozone therapy, needed to eliminate carious bacteria. Preventive care of the kind is carried out to target the early stages of the disease.
Treating of the decayed cavity with copper hydroxide and calcium substances. The method perfectly disinfects deeply affected channels, giving no way for microbes.
Laser and photodynamic materials to manage the issue.
These treatment options are resorted to following the cause detection. To ensure no further progression of the disease, it is necessary to monitor all the processes that occur in child’s mouth attentively. Let your little one provide oral care under your supervision to prevent inflammation and hole in baby front tooth.