Periodontosis is a non-inflammatory, usually concerned with dissolution of tissues near the teeth, disease. As a result, tooth moves out of a bone and becomes mobile. Usually, the disease brings no pain for a long time. Early signs of periodontosis are invisible. The main alarm signal is atypical sensitivity when it comes to the stimuli that affect the teeth root. Do you know these sensations, when you eat something hot or cold and get strong pain? This might be the first signal.
The main causes of periodontosis
Talking about the reasons for the development of periodontosis, plaque formation is the most significant one. There are also many extra factors that might affect:
Hormonal changes. For example, they can appear because of menopause, pregnancy, sexual maturity or monthly menstruation. Because of any of these events, gums become more sensitive and inclined to destruction.
Diseases. Immune diseases, HIV or even cancer might compound the inflammation. An extra reason to get into the risk group is diabetes.
The usage of medications. Condition of the oral cavity might be significantly changed because of the drugs. In particular, they can reduce the number of saliva or cause abnormal growth of dental tissues.
Bad habits. The most harmful for teeth is smoking. It greatly slows gum’s tissues recovery.
Heredity is also something you shouldn’t forget about, it influences the disease or even leads to its emergence and development. Think about your relatives’ diseases.
A typical cause is also considered to be a common for the dental tissues shortage of blood flow. Neglected and difficult cases might lead to atrophy and tooth loss.
What happens when periodontosis?
Cellular atrophy occurs in the tooth cells. X-ray helps to determine sclerotic changes. Such changes are formed in the bone, bone marrow spaces become smaller. X-ray also helps to find out the interdental septa bone tissue reduce, osteoporosis local areas, fine-cellularity of the bone.
Signs of periodontosis
The course of periodontosis is known for its long duration, however when it reaches development point, at one moment changes increase rapidly. This causes chewing problems and pain. The actual disease stage is determined by doctors according to the depth of the tooth pockets. Sometimes it can even be up to 9.5 millimeter. The index of bleeding is also important. The occurrence of a bleeding spot with the palpation gives 1 point. Bleeding along the line of meeting with the tooth is assigned with 2 points. When the interdental interval is filled with the bloody contents, it is 3 points. 4 points are marked when there is an abundant bleeding.
The next phase brings an inflammation – periodontitis. The disease develops slowly, it is usually inexpressive, without long-term symptoms.
So, periodontosis has such manifestations:
teeth’s position is steady, teeth doesn’t loosen;
the pallor of gums;
gum itching sensations;
retraction, part of the tooth root, and tooth neck because of the gum recession become bare, so the tooth looks longer;
parodontosis leads to non-carious tooth destruction. As a result, enamel becomes thinner, tooth become wedge-shaped;
no signs of inflammation;
the existence of microbial plaque, but soft one is untypical;
as a rule, periodontal as well as gingival pockets are missing;
gums don’t bleed in this case;
often the periodontosis occurs because of cardiovascular diseases, endocrine or other disorders.
Development of periodontosis
The first stage does not have manifestations, for example blood. Everything starts with the bone tissue destruction. This happens right under the tooth so we can’t see it and have no inflammation. There is a gums thinning and their subsidence, it results in the bareness of the tooth root and wedge-shaped look. After all, teeth become very sensitive, so patient has unpleasant feelings.
The second step is expressed in the enamel erosion, because of it a teeth color might even change. Then dental abrasion is observed. The development of periodontosis can bring an inflammation in the gums and in the bare teeth area. This might even result in a teeth loss.
Treatment of periodontosis
The first signs of periodontosis can partially be determined by the patient, partially – by a specialist, concerning both x-ray and clinical data, but an effective treatment still doesn’t exist. Nowadays technologies can help to recover gums, at least partially. If there are problems with gums itching, pain and sensitivity, it is recommended to have a massage to get better blood supply. It is also necessary to have a special treatment, which eases unpleasant symptoms. Physiotherapy is quite effective, but for some reason people often prefer surgery.
People, who have such signs in this situation rarely go to the doctor, they just don’t know that it might be periodontosis. If you have symptoms of periodontosis, you should consult a doctor to find out the accurate stage. You should also rapidly start to cure, in case you have any problems.